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  1. Audi alteram partem: Hear the other party or no man shall be condemned unheard or Rule of fair hearing.
  2. A pactis privatorum publico juri derogatur: Private agreements cannot alter general law.
  3. Curia advisari vult (CAV): Reserved for judgment.
  4. Non-obstante: notwithstanding anything in
  5. Per contra: On the contrary
  6. Prima facie: Literal meaning “At first sight” and legal meaning- Sufficient to establish a fact or raise a presumption unless disproved or rebutted.